The malaise of our youth is patent. It expresses its concern about the precarious situation prevailing. How to blame it while the youth unemployment is twice higher than the general population active The employment rate of the French of less than twenty-four years, with 26.4 percent, is one of the worst of the OECD. Can we remain deaf to the cry of alarm for our young people This crisis calls me a profound mutation of our higher education.
Of course, education issued by the University is not to question. It might suggest that the labour market cannot absorb as many students, but the idea is wrong. We are behind in higher education, 37 of generation only access to higher education in France, while the OECD average is 51, with 75 in Sweden, without this prevents their students find employment.
The University would gain in efficiency to engage in the path of the professionalization, as vocational education is doing well. Evidenced by its rate of success (83 in professional licence) diploma. Employers gladly wear their preferences to the graduates of the short courses.
The success of this type of education is based on widely proven devices, which include orientation, professional project development and preparation for the world of work in the heart of the training.
Known, entry into a university sector is more based on the interest of discipline on the thoughtful choice of a trade. Young people are not enough trades of the curriculum in which they commit. Therefore, they are moving to paths to restricted opportunities, while trades, for some, highly qualified, are struggling to recruit. A working upstream is necessary so that each student build his professional project. Each institution of higher education may develop a repository guide with the most representative professions exercised by their former graduates.
However, this work cannot be dissociated from aid to orientation. This support is all the more necessary that the LMD (licence-master-doctorate) reform overrides to a logic of training course logic. As such, vocational education has implemented a system of aid to the construction of the professional project and job search techniques. Structures dedicated to business relations exist and contribute actively to the placement of young graduates, thus avoiding to be poor in the search for the first job. It would be interesting institutions to formalise the route of orientation by the creation of a booklet and the Organization of meetings with teachers.
The key to success lies primarily in a close partnership between the economic fabric and the world of training. The programs are based on the needs expressed by businesses. It is clear that the University is still too far from these realities. Could design the duty for teachers and guidance counsellors to complete an internship in a company in their initial training and systematize the presence of business leaders to the Board of Directors of the universities.
Despite a significant development and actual wishes at the University, learning represents only a quarter of the enrolment in higher education. Why not accept the proposal of Michel Pébereau, Chairman of BNP Paribas, that "any training whose purpose is the professional insertion concludes with a year in learning, or in any case in a system of alternating training"
Finally, note a former practice for 12 schools of the CCIP (Chamber of commerce and industry of Paris): fix a percentage of graduates who found employment in a period of less than six months in the objectives of managers. The CCIP is and reaches 85 of recruitment in the six months following the end of their schooling.
These solutions are not transferable ex abrupto at the University. But can escape their implementation In this respect, the site opened by the Government to strengthen the links between University and employment is part of this dynamic.
It is our responsibility to give young keys for employment and the prospects for the future... In short, to restore hope.