That Nicolas Hulot has finally chosen the position of "NightWatchman" rather than candidate not detract! With him, Al Gore, many activists and vigilant scientists, the ecological challenge becomes a major topic of the presidential debate. Simply because the citizens are concerned, and because the facts are there. We are going to scarcity. For a large number of resources and basic spaces, abundance is completed. Take note of this truth, not to us scare but to we prepare and respond.
The new French President must have the political courage to propose new economic rules. It is an ecological tax that will be the tool. To encourage moderation, discourage waste, sanction, together with our European partners, products and services that pollute when on the factory, when it consumes and it destroys... This applies particularly to energy. In France, we believe safe through the strategic choice of nuclear energy but take care.
I have never accepted "all nuclear" step more than the "all car". If we want to avoid living in a society of deprivation, we must build a society of moderation. For energy, this ecological mutation will take into account 10 priority actions.
Institutional reform. The fight against climate change and the search for a security of our supplies require our policy to bear on supply and demand for energy. Put in place a ministerial steering reinforced and legible incorporating different forms of production, nuclear to renewable energy through fossil fuels, but also the actions to be taken to reduce requirements and improve energy efficiency. The ecological challenge can no longer be subcontracted to the Department of the environment. The time has come to a big Department of sustainable development.
The building. Significantly improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings by putting in place a thermal regulation for renovations and in phasing out the use of equipment and the least efficient materials.
Transportation. With 25 of the emissions, they hold the record of the transmitters. Speeding the development of clean vehicles by engaging researchers, manufacturers, distributors and consumers. On the other hand, put in place incentive policy (tax credit, incentives for R & D) accompanied by punitive taxation (annual fee for all vehicles that emit more than 140 g of CO2/km) in a European framework for the implementation of a quota of emission device adapted.
The heat. Let's aim to cover 50 of our thermal requirements from renewable energy to 2020 (wood, geothermal, biogas, waste...) here, including by encouraging local communities to develop networks of heat and to contribute to local renewable.
Electricity. Do not forget that the development of wind power and, in the future, positive energy buildings requires to adapt the grid this decentralized production. Therefore undertake ambitious means, both in the field of research and foresight in investment, to develop the capacity of the network connection and facilitate opportunities for storage.
Biofuels. Their necessary development, pending the advent of clean vehicles will be possible to reconcile the imperatives of performance, economic performance and lower environmental impact. We must promote a sustainable and controlled biofuels production.
The taxation. To make it more environmentally friendly, generalize a coherent and systematic energy taxation. Its product will reduce taxes that now have negative effects on the environment and employment. Accompany it on the other hand, at European level, of a tax at the borders.
Technological innovation. It is necessary to divide by four our greenhouse gas emissions. Poles of competitiveness, increase of the public means of financing, partnership between public actors... Let's all implement to support research on new energy technologies.
The security of our supplies. At the forefront of international action and as just propose the President of the European Commission Josť Manuel Barroso, we need to establish a secure and demanding partnership with the Russia. Long term, the challenge is to develop the use of clean technologies in the world. Welcome the willingness of States in concluding scientific and technical partnerships and transfers of technology and Kyoto projects with developing countries.
The information and communication. Since all involved in this challenge, we need to develop a strong local information network so that everyone can apply the best solutions for energy efficiency.