Certainly, in this case, nothing is clear. It will yet this year, mobilize crescendo opinion, class politics and trade unions. The future of future retirees is going to play, but also, probably, that of the current President. However, the essence remains opaque. By excessive technicality of the issues By concealment, will deceive Perhaps because that too little, talking end, fundamental issues - philoso-Czechoslovakia be accounting.
Beyond special regimes, counts of quarters and pyramids of the ages, the relations between work and life are at stake. Very simple evidence: retirement is synonymous with the work stoppage. At what age stop According to what criteria With what pay These queries are returned now in every sense. But we forget that they have a long history. There was a time where these issues were simply unimaginable. They became then fully present. And we may be entering a still different period, where they will rebuild and transform.
In 349 BCE, Plato is not far from eighty years. In the heart of Athens, he directs the school he founded, the Academy. It work every day, as it has done since his youth. Around him, artisans, warriors and slaves are as much. The sculptor Praxiteles creates until his last breath. The idea of stopping just to anyone. For men of antiquity, our concept of retirement is inconceivable. Activity never ceases. To be artisan, Warrior and philosopher, it is to the last forces. Only depletion, organic or brain, remove hands the hammer, the sword or the pen. Who can do really anything survives at the expense of his family or his entourage, often poorly.
In 1949 after Jesus Christ, when are those who today exceed the 60, born landscape has nothing to do in France. First, women are more likely to become self-employed. Then, whoever is not yet started to work can already choose his age... where his activity will cease. You can compare in advance advantages and disadvantages of its future status. Now, retirement is predictable and calculable. In the wake of 1945 on the social security legislation, it becomes mandatory, tagged, integrated to the existence, unavoidable. Lengthening of life helping, retirement is so perfect as the promise of a large leisure, sometimes feared as a large empty.
There is this boundary between work and non-travail is now entering a broad process of recomposition. Well before the crisis, whose consequences badly destabilize the pension system, behaviour and performances have already started to turn. Number of young people are now the choice of great recreation of the existence, initiating an immediate and permanent retirement. By will less than by lack of foresight, they live without a fixed job, or only intermittently. Very marginal in the past, these choices are multiplying to. Other refuse in contrast to the idea of any judgment, is eager to confuse the end their lives with their work - in the ancient. Thus to confuse the model "studious youth - laborious maturity - happy retirement" until the 20th century had finished to put in place.
This is why it should speak of a quadrature of pensions, as talking about the insoluble squaring the circle. It must indeed preserve the right to the rest of the workers and to ensure fair compensation for the labours past, not to mention so how many representations of the work and the existence metamorphose. Future generations will obviously have the same requirements or the same expectations that we - without that we might prejudice their applications. Must allow them the means to decide, and therefore cease to crush them under debt our pensions and our health-care spending.